STUDY OF TIRES MATERIAL AND DESIGN STRUCTURE

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Tires include many rubber compounds and different substances and we combine these materials in a particular series because they are required to securely face an extensive variety of unwanted conditions. Now we will discuss the complete anatomy of a tire and know the science behind them.


BEAD and why it's important

This is the metal wire bundle ( made from copper, brass, high tensile steel, and bronze) which helps to hold the tire wheel and prevent the tire from sliding out of place when the wheel rolls.


Bead Filler and its work

This is a rubber compound inside the tire's beads. It gives stability to the lower sidewall and bead area. The 

compound density and rigidity help to get a tire's performance features.


Belts

This is steel and rayon material installed in between tread and plies, which is coated by rubber compound layers. Belts help tires to have good contact with the road and prevent tires from puncturing. Generally, tires have 2-3 belts per tire.


Body Ply

This is a calendared sheet having one layer of rubber, another layer of reinforcing fabric, and again a layer of rubber. Body plies provide strength to the structure. The more body plies the more strength is given. 


Inner liner

A rubber compound bonded to the internal of the twine frame that keeps air beneath pressure.


Sidewall

This is a rubber compound that is used to cover plies and tire sides and prevent tires from weather changes, scrapes, and scratches.


Treads

This is the circumference or outer part of the tire which makes contact with the road. Its structures have voids and blocks or lugs to increase braking ability.